Below, we here at goteborgio.se have outlined some basic information about the city of Gothenburg during the 19th century.
19th Century Gothenburg
After initial construction by the Dutch in the 17th century, Gothenburg witnessed a surge in its trade markets with Asia throughout the 18th century thanks to the establishment of the Swedish East India Company.
The 19th century, however, saw Sweden’s colonial adventure in the South Asia region come to an eventual end, and, as a result, Gothenburg’s income via its vast port and harbour dried up.
Still, Gothenburg has many alternative sources of income that were much closer to home. The 19th century saw the continuation of the fishing industry, as well as the revival of the shipbuilding industry, with many vast factories by the water operating until as recently as 1980.
Alongside the additions of new industries and the overall economic growth, Gothenburg’s population and infrastructure grew, too. From the year 1800 to 1900, the city’s population increased tenfold, from 13,000 to 130,000. A large number of people came from all of Sweden in the hope of finding employment in Gothenburg’s expanding shipbuilding industry, as well as other sectors.
The 19th century saw the most significant expansion the city has seen to date, with most of the housing, government buildings and original roads built during this time still standing today. The same cannot be said of most of the housing built in the previous two centuries, as much of it was constructed using wood and other flammable materials which would easily be destroyed by fire.
More information on 19th Century Gothenburg can be found here.